Mastering IELTS Writing Task 2: A Comprehensive Guide

Exploring Various Essay Types for Writing Task 2

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Exploring Various Essay Types for Writing Task 2


In the odyssey of IELTS writing, you are required to pen & paper for different types of essays in Task 2. Before putting your words on paper, you must understand the specific requirements for each essay type to structure your ideas and demonstrate a range of skills.

Understanding the essay types is crucial for enhancing your writing skills in terms of clarity, coherence, and overall quality of essay writing, leading you top scoreboard. Read the complete blog to explore various essay types for Writing Task 2.

Descriptive Essays

Descriptive essay writing aims to vividly portray a person, place, object, or event along with sensory details and figurative language so that the examiner reads with forming an image and experiences the topic from your point of view.

To write a descriptive essay effectively, you should use details more sensitively, a realistic touch, and poetic expressions. The examiner’s mind should be filled with a clear and engaging picture. You must logically organize your thoughts and ideas and appeal to all five senses to evoke a strong emotional response.


Here are some examples and sample prompts for the descriptive essays of IELTS Writing Task 2: 

  • Portray your favorite childhood memories

  • Put your words explaining a bustling city street during rush hour

  • Capture the beauty of a natural landscape at sunset

  • Depict the atmosphere of a crowded marketplace along with its vibrant colors and aromas.

Argumentative Essays

As the name sounds, argumentative essays are designed to present a well-reasoned argument. You must support the argument with solid evidence and logical reasoning so the examiner will immediately understand your viewpoint.

To build strong arguments, you need to define thesis statements clearly and conduct thorough research to gather the shreds of evidence. Besides the pieces of evidence, anticipate your arguments and address the topic with counterpoints by using logical reasoning and good rhetoric.


To get an idea of argumentative essay types of IELTS writing task 2, practice with the following prompts: 

  • Is social media beneficial or detrimental to society?

  • Should the voting age be lowered or raised?

  • Is climate change primarily caused by human activities?

Persuasive Essays

Persuasive Essays of IELTS Writing Task 2 are written to convince the readers to understand a certain point of view or let them take a specific action by presenting compelling arguments and providing evidence while appealing to logic and emotions.

Persuasive essays help readers in decision-making and bring change in people’s perspectives. To write persuasive essays more effectively, present the evidence, address the counterargument, and structure your essay along with credibility and authority. You should start with a clear introduction, followed by strong cased body paragraphs and a convincing conclusion that reinforces your main points.


Here are some examples of persuasive essays:

  • Should school uniforms be mandatory in all schools?

  • Is it important for companies to prioritize environmental sustainability?

  • Is it crucial to provide comprehensive sex education in schools?


Mainly, persuasive essay topics cover a range of social, political, and ethical issues allowing you to practice more developed persuasive arguments on various topics.

Compare and Contrast Essays

Compare and contrast essays analyze the similarities and differences between two concepts better to understand their qualities, relationships, and significance. Such essay writing allows you to obtain insights into the contrasting features and make meaningful judgments about the topic.

Compare and contrast essay types have two common approaches - the point-by-point method, which analyzes each point of comparison for both subjects, and another is the subject-by-subject method, which examines one issue comprehensively before moving on to the next.


The sample prompts on compare and contrast essays include:

  • Traditional education and online learning

  • City Life and rural life

Problem-Solution Essays

As the name suggests, problem-solution essays are written to address a specific problem and propose effective solutions. You’ll be required to identify, analyze, and present your argument with a feasible solution to the problem topic. Such essay types aim to bring positive change and inspire action through your strategies to mitigate.

Addressing problems and proposing answers requires identifying and defining the problem, analyzing its origins and effects, doing evidence-based research, proposing practical solutions, considering challenges, and providing supporting evidence.


Let’s have a look at some prompts for problem-solution essays for your practice:

  • How can schools effectively combat bullying and create a safe environment for students?

  • What measures can be taken to address the issue of food insecurity and hunger in low-income communities?

  • What strategies can be employed to tackle the issue of unemployment among young adults and enhance their career prospects?

  • What steps can be taken to improve public transportation systems and alleviate traffic congestion in urban areas?


To conclude, comprehending various essay types for IELTS writing task 2, such as descriptive, argumentative, persuasive, comparison and contrast, and problem-solution essays, is essential for performing better and scoring higher. Each essay type serves a distinct purpose and necessitates different ways of organizing and presenting ideas.

Improve your writing skills and successfully communicate your ideas by learning various essay types with the help of practicing diverse prompts. We hope we have provided you with helpful insight into the IELTS writing exam. If you need further guidance, please contact Prepare IELTS (PI) expert counsellors. Our team of education experts is dedicated to providing you with the best guidance in preparing for the IELTS Exam.

You can get on a one-to-one free counselling session online via our platform. Contact us at or call us at +91 9773398388.


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