IELTS writing vocabulary for task 1 & task 2

IELTS Writing Vocabulary - Topic Wise Word List

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IELTS Writing Vocabulary


Are you going to appear in IELTS Writing? In IELTS writing, vocabulary is the secret ingredient for acing your examination. Using a good vocabulary helps you to assess your ability to use a wide range of appropriate vocabulary and use those words accurately. You combine classic nouns, tangy adverbs and adjectives with the seasoning of phrasal verbs, making it the exotic IELTS Writing dish.

To learn this vocabulary recipe, go through this comprehensive blog based on vocabulary for IELTS writing. We are sure this blog will help you sail through the IELTS Writing task by unlocking the power of your words.

IELTS Writing Vocabulary Pattern

The IELTS Exam is divided into two types: Academic IELTS and General IELTS. Both these exams have writing tasks entailing different formats. Let’s look through the elements of writing in both:


Academic IELTS

Writing Task 1

In this, students are given visual representations in the form of graphs and diagrams, and they have to report the information after understanding the given data. This part is marked on three criteria: introduction, overview, and supporting figures from the given diagram.

Writing Task 2

In this task, questions can be asked about the environment, culture, immigration, and much more. In this segment, questions are based on a particular scenario, and students must present their point of view. They may be asked to discuss the given topic's benefits or drawbacks and present feasible solutions. IELTS academic writing task 2 is structured in an essay format.


IELTS General Writing Test

Writing Task 1

In this task, students get a situation they must explain and enquire about further information through a letter.

Writing Task 2

In this task, students must present their answers in essay format using relevant arguments, factual evidence and proper justification.


Marking Criteria for IELTS Writing Vocabulary:

  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy

  • Task Achievement

  • Lexical Resource

  • Coherence and Cohesion

IELTS Writing Vocabulary List

Now that we have an insight into the different formats of the IELTS Writing Task, let’s review the vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 1 and the vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 2.

IELTS Writing Vocabulary for Essays



Expressing Personal Opinion

From my perspective, As I see it, Personally, I feel that, In my view

Proving Arguments

This is supported by, It is evident from, This is confirmed by, This is underscored by

General Point of View

It is widely believed that, The prevailing view is that, It is commonly thought that, Many believe that

Stating Facts

The evidence indicates that, It is a known fact that, It is indisputable that, It is apparent that


Broadly speaking, By and large, Typically, In most cases

Quoting Examples

For instance, For example, This can be seen in, An illustration of this is


To sum up, In summary, All in all, To wrap things up

IELTS Writing Vocabulary for Graphs



Gives information about/on

The pie chart provides information about the distribution of student preferences for various extracurricular activities.


The pie chart shows the breakdown of the percentage of renewable energy sources in the country's energy production.


The pie chart illustrates the proportion of global greenhouse gas emissions by sector.


The pie chart compares the market share of leading smartphone brands in different regions.


The pie chart describes the allocation of household spending across different expense categories.

Provides information about/on

The pie chart provides information on the popularity of different leisure activities among teenagers.

Draws the conclusion of

The pie chart draws the conclusion that a significant portion of the population prefers online shopping over traditional retail.

IELTS Writing Vocabulary for Letters


Opening Examples

Closing Examples

Formal Letter

- I am writing to inquire about... 

- I am writing to request…

- I wish to express my interest in... 

- I am writing to inform you that... 

- I am writing to bring to your attention...

- Please do not hesitate to contact me if you require more information.

- I look forward to receiving your prompt response. 

- Thank you for your attention to this matter.

Informal Letter

- Hey! I wanted to touch base with you about…

- What’s up? I hope you’re doing well. 

- Just dropping you a line to say...

- Anyhow, I'll chat with you soon. 

- Take care and talk soon! 

- Looking forward to hearing from you.

IELTS Academic Task 1

Academic Task 1 follows this format: introduction, general trends, detailed description, and optional summary. Equipping yourself with the appropriate vocabulary for each section will help you be more efficient and save time when crafting a well-structured response.

Vocabulary for the Introduction Part


Presentation Type






the comparison of...




the differences...

The given



the changes...

The supplied



the number of...

The presented



information on...

The shown



data on...

The provided

flow chart


the proportion of...




the amount of...




information on...


pie chart


data about...


bar graph


comparative data...


column graph


the trend of...


line graph


the percentages of...


table data


the ratio of...




how the...



shows contrast


Also Read: Scholarships for IELTS in 2024: Everything You Need To Know

IELTS Academic Task 2

After learning the vocabulary of Task 1, you must also understand IELTS Task 2 vocabulary well to achieve a better band score. The table below will walk you through the vocabulary for improving essays and meeting the evaluation standards comprehensively.

Purpose Vocabulary and Phrases

Stating an Opinion

- As far as I am concerned


- I believe that


- Admittedly


- My opinion on the matter is that


- I am convinced


- From my point of view


- I strongly disagree with the topic


- I think


- First of all


- Second of all


- Finally


- Moreover


- Furthermore


- Additionally


- Likewise


- On top of that

Giving an Example

- For example


- For instance


- An excellent example is


- The best example is


- To cite one example


- Take one instance


- In particular


- When it comes to


- In conclusion


- To conclude


- To reiterate


- That is to say


- To repeat in short


- To elucidate


- Taking everything into consideration


- Weighing both sides of the argument

Presenting Ideas

- As a result


- Consequently


- Therefore


- Hence


- Eventually


- For this reason


- Due to


- Owing to


- As a consequence


- Research shows that


- With respect to


- Not only, but also


- In terms of


- Thus


- Needless to say


- Obviously


- Although


- It is needless to say that


- To put it simply


- In other words

IELTS Writing Vocabulary Tips

After the highlights of the IELTS writing vocabulary of task 1 and task 2, let’s take a look at the following key vocabulary tips for IELTS writing that will undoubtedly help you:



Learning the correct way to paraphrase is essential for the IELTS Writing Task. Students need to identify the appropriate words to repeat and paraphrase. Apart from this, using synonyms, passive voice, and rearranging the word form and sentence structure are key components to paraphrasing accurately.


Uncountable Nouns

Generally, students need to correct the most common mistakes in using uncountable nouns. For instance, information is an uncountable noun and can not have a plural “s” or an article, nor can a number quantify it. So, you must check out some of the most common uncountable nouns to provide errors thoroughly.


Understand the Context

Knowledge of a particular world and understanding of the context are two different things. For this, a student must first understand the meaning and usage of the word to fit it in the right context. Also, overstuffing heavy vocabulary words to make a sentence rich sometimes alters the meaning. Hence, students should be alert about that.


Information from Different Sources

To enhance your IELTS writing vocabulary, you can start consuming information from various sources, such as reading newspapers, watching English movies, and reading books. Also, make sure to take note of new words and search for synonyms and acronyms related to that word to enrich your vocabulary further.


Practice Smartly

Working in the right direction is the only way to succeed. As a result, you should make learning new words a daily habit. Avoid memorising the words because they can cause confusion when the context changes. Instead, use mnemonics, which involves connecting two words with visual or auditory cues. This technique aids in long-term retention of the words.

Also Read: IELTS Exam Syllabus: Exam Format and More

IELTS Writing Vocabulary Based on General Topics

Although various topics have been asked during your IELTS Writing Task, we have mentioned basic vocabulary for IELTS Writing based on common topics. Have a look at the table mentioned below:

Topic Examples


State-of-the-art technology, artificial intelligence, internet-enabled, wireless hotspots, computer literate.

Global Warming

Carbon emissions, carbon footprint, environmental crisis, climate solutions, greenhouse effect, rapid industrialisation.

Food and Nutrition

Refined carbohydrates, seasonal fruits, balanced diet, physical fitness, scrumptious meals, home-cooked meals, fine dining, and exotic meals.


Glistening beaches, lush-green forests, travel itinerary, backpacking, bucket list, breathtaking views, affordable destinations, luxurious stay, souvenir.


Middle-income countries, increased movement, multicultural society, immigration policies, the international community, and global scenario.

IELTS Writing Vocabulary General List

Now that we've covered specific vocabulary for IELTS writing, let's look at some general vocabulary for IELTS.

Part of Speech Examples


Robust, feasible, sufficient, reliable, open-minded, blunt, self-assured.


Propose, assess, describe, compare, evaluate, demonstrate.


Evidence, theory, conclusion, analysis, argument, methodology.


Realistically, modestly, rigorously, coherently, slightly, steadily.


In a nutshell, at the end of the day, to a large extent, it goes without saying, in the long run.

Phrasal Verbs

Set forth, go over, hand out, put forward, leave out, look into.

Also Read: MBA Colleges Accepting IELTS Scores


To conclude, proficiency in vocabulary for IELTS writing tasks is essential to ace the exam. Moreover, vocabulary forms 25% of your IELTS writing and speaking marks. It also plays a crucial role in IELTS Listening and reading tasks. Hence, students need to start working on their IELTS writing vocabulary in order to perform well.

If you are also ready to appear for IELTS, we suggest you sign up for our IELTS Courses designed by our experts. Please contact Prepare IELTS Exam(PI) expert counsellors if you need further guidance. Our team of education experts is dedicated to providing you with the best guidance in the IELTS exam. You can also get a one-on-one counselling session online via our platform. Contact us at or call us at +91 9773398388.


Vocabulary is important for IELTS writing because it shows your ability to express ideas effectively and accurately. It improves your lexical resource score and lets you express complex ideas clearly, improving your overall band score.

You can enhance your IELTS Writing vocabulary by reading extensively, taking notes on new terms, and learning synonyms and related phrases. Writing essays and letters with new vocabulary regularly will help to reinforce your understanding.

If you're unsure about the meaning or usage of a word, don't use it. Remember to consider word forms and context. Before incorporating words into your writing, ensure you understand their nuance and appropriateness.

While memorising vocabulary lists can be useful, learning words in context and actively applying them to your writing is more effective. To use words correctly, focus on understanding their meanings, synonyms, and how they are used in sentences.

Begin by identifying the vocabulary required for specific topics and task types. Try using these words naturally in sentences and essays. Gradually incorporate advanced vocabulary into your writing to improve coherence and lexical scope.


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