What is the IELTS Vocabulary?

What is the IELTS Vocabulary?

PI - Prepare IELTS


What is the IELTS Vocabulary?


"Why is it vital to have robust vocabulary knowledge for the IELTS exam?" is a question that comes to the mind of many students planning to study abroad. Given that the IELTS is an English language proficiency exam, vocabulary must receive a great deal of attention in order to evaluate a candidate's overall score.

Vocabulary is a single component that unites all four portions of this exam: speaking, reading, writing, and listening. Therefore, in this blog, let’s figure out why vocabulary is vital for IELTS and some tips to improve your vocabulary for IELTS.

Why Vocabulary is Important in IELTS?

Now, let’s know why vocabulary is importance of IELTS vocabulary in each section.


Writing Section

The writing portion of the IELTS evaluates your ability to express your ideas and expertise via the use of simple yet effective grammar and terminology. In a question, a visual depiction will require you to expand on your responses. You may be asked to discuss and provide your ideas on that subject in the following question.

As you can see, in order to effectively express your opinions, you must be adaptable and skilled in vocabulary. Selecting the right words to express your viewpoint will remove doubt and clarify your point. Therefore, vocabulary is essential in the IELTS writing section.


Reading Section

In the IELTS reading section, you will be given a few passages to read aloud and respond to particular questions based on that subject. After you fully grasp the passages, you must rephrase the entire text in your terms, which requires a good vocabulary. You must interpret the passage accurately to respond to the questions. Therefore, vocabulary is important for the reading section as well.


Speaking Section

The IELTS speaking test measures how quickly you generate ideas and grasp them to a unique comprehension in addition to your fluency in English. Sentences with expression rely heavily on vocabulary. Therefore, your lack of familiarity with the words is a barrier, as vocabulary accounts for 20–30% of your score.


Listening Section

Four recordings of native English speakers are included in the IELTS hearing section, which measures your ability to understand their attitudes and viewpoints. This is how they can understand your thoughts in light of that speech. Because the recordings play a variety of accents, you must be fluent in foreign languages.

If you are unfamiliar with that accent, understanding the words will take some time. Even though you may be familiar with the word, the pronunciation change could lead you astray.

Tips to Improve Your Vocabulary for IELTS

Below are some tips and tricks to improve your vocabulary. 

  • Get a book or dictionary which contains idioms. It's beneficial to understand several idioms so that you can use them in your discussion to express yourself more creatively. Nevertheless, idioms serve a purpose that literal definitions do not. Therefore, it is crucial to learn the actual meaning of the idioms before using them. 

  • One of the best ways to learn the words and phrases for conversational tone is through English series and news channels. They frequently feature snappy, fast-paced, ordinary conversations, and you'll pick up a wide range of new vocabulary with context. You can better follow the dialogue and keep up with the words being said on screen by turning on the subtitles while you're watching. This will be very beneficial for your IELTS reading and listening sections.

  • Reading is one of the quickest ways to increase your vocabulary. Every publication, whether a best-selling book or the daily newspaper, has something to give! You can always look up the definition of any words or phrases you come across online by doing a fast Google search or by visiting an online dictionary. It's helpful to jot down these new terms or expressions and then make an effort to incorporate them into regular talks whenever possible.

  • Another way to grasp a broad range of vocabulary is by going through different kinds of topics and not limiting yourself to only a few. Reading a variety of themes will expose you to a variety of writing styles and teach you how varied words can enhance an idea's meaning.

  • You can also use the shadowing technique, which involves listening to someone talk and repeating what they say and how they express it. This approach helps with learning how to pronounce words correctly. 

  • Try to maintain a book in which you can include the words you have learned. Jotting down all the vocabulary in one place can help you revise new words whenever needed. This will also help you in memorising those words.


In conclusion, vocabulary is important in enhancing your IELTS band score. Therefore, IELTS aspirants need to pay proper attention to the vocabulary. Vocabulary is something which cannot be improved in just one day, or sometimes, it requires daily practice. So, make it a habit to read at least 25 to 20 words daily and get their meaning in order to upgrade your vocabulary.

We hope you now have an idea of why vocabulary is important for IELTS. If you want further details or would like to prepare for IELTS, you can contact the Prepare IELTS exam (PI) expert counsellors for further guidance. Our team of education experts is dedicated to providing you with the best test material and guidance to ace the IELTS exam. You can get a one-on-one counselling session and an IELTS online practice test via our platform. Contact us at info@prepareieltsexam.com or call us at +91 9778339838 for further queries.


Yes, vocabulary plays a massive role in scoring the bands in the IELTS exam.

It is important to concentrate on a range of vocabulary themes when preparing for the IELTS. You will require academic and general vocabulary in addition to subject-specific terminology. Topics, including travel, technology, the environment, education, health, and social issues, are frequently included in IELTS test materials. Gaining more knowledge on these subjects can improve your ability to communicate in the exam's spoken and written portions. Additionally, you should make an effort to pick up new vocabulary related to your area of study. Furthermore, try to find words that have comparable meanings; this will aid in your comprehension of the context and aid in the retention of the new vocabulary. Lastly, become comfortable utilising these new terms in your writing.

It is essential to actively use and engage with new vocabulary words in order to help you recall and retain them for the IELTS exam. Read widely, work on writing and speaking with them, make review flashcards, and include them in regular talks and IELTS practice. You'll be able to retain and reinforce your comprehension of the terminology you need for the test by applying and seeing the vocabulary flashbook frequently.

It makes no sense if you are using the word incorrectly. It will be marked incorrectly, and your band score will be deducted.

No, there isn't a vocabulary test specifically for the IELTS exam. However, success in every section depends on having a robust and varied vocabulary. We hope you will find our list of IELTS vocabulary words useful in improving your language skills.

Considering the thematic preferences of the IELTS test, applicants should focus on expanding their vocabulary in areas in high demand. For example, in Writing Task 2, where essays frequently touch on global issues, it helps to have a vocabulary of terms related to environmental sustainability or technological advancements. This deliberate emphasis guarantees that applicants are prepared to cover a wide range of subjects and may modify their vocabulary to fit the test format.

Even while informal language is sometimes used in daily conversation, the IELTS exam requires more formality and accuracy. The use of informal terminology may undermine the general academic tone that should be maintained in both written and oral responses. As a result, you are urged to speak in a formal register to demonstrate your proficiency in situations where more refined and formal language use is required.


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